Canada’s Oil & Gas Milestones

2013 Working Energy Commitment program launched
2012 More than 175,000 oil and gas wells have been hydraulically fractured in Alberta and BC with no evidence of drinking water contamination
2010 Community Partners program launched
2009 First liquefied natural gas receiving terminal in Canada (Saint John, NB) begins operation
2002 First coalbed methane project in Canada
2000 First large-scale CO2 injection project for enhanced oil recovery at Weyburn, SK
1997 First coiled tubing rig in Canada
1991 First horizontal well with multistage hydraulic fracturing in Texas (since 2008, approximately 5,000 horizontal wells have been drilled in Alberta using multistage hydraulic fracturing)
1981 Petroleum Services Association of Canada (PSAC) is formed to represent the service, supply and manufacturing sectors of the Canadian oil and gas service sector
1980s 3D, then 4D, seismic introduced
1980 National Energy Program (NEP) introduced by Liberal government
1978 First horizontal well drilled in Canada at Cold Lake, Alberta
1972 30-year moratorium on west coast drilling imposed by federal and BC governments
1967 Oil sands production begins
1958 Longest pipeline in the world (3,500 km) transports natural gas from Alberta to Toronto.
1953 First significant oil reservoir discovered in Saskatchewan, near Midale
1951 Oil discovered in Manitoba
1950s Hydraulic fracturing first used in Canada (introduced by Halliburton in Oklahoma in 1949)
1950 Interprovincial pipeline carries oil from Alberta to the Great Lakes region (1,800 km), linking Alberta oil pricing to international factors
1949 Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors (CAODC) formed
1948 First natural gas discovery in BC, near Pouce Coupe
1947 After 133 dry holes, light oil is discovered by Leduc #1 well in Alberta
1943 First offshore well drilled near Prince Edward Island
1938 Energy Resources Conservation Board set up (now Alberta Energy Regulator) to reduce gas flaring activities
1930 Federal government transfers ownership of natural resources to the provinces
1927 Alberta Oil Operators’ Association formed, which evolved into today’s Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP)
1924 First hydrogen sulfide (H2S) extraction plant makes sour gas “sweet”
1920 Norman Wells, NWT, oil field discovered
1914 Dingman #1 well in Turner Valley launches Alberta’s oil and gas industry
1908 Natural gas service begins in Calgary, Alberta
1902 First Alberta oil exploration well is drilled in Waterton Lakes area
1883 Well drilled for water near Medicine Hat, Alberta discovers natural gas
1866 Natural gas discovered in Ontario
1862 World’s first oil pipeline carries oil from Petrolia to Sarnia, Ontario
1859 Natural gas discovered in New Brunswick
1858 First Canadian oil well is drilled at Oil Springs (Petrolia), Ontario
1853 Canada’s first gas transmission pipeline is built in Trois-Rivières, Quebec